May 22, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

Comparison notes- Belfast Confetti and Bayonet Charge

Ideas connecting them: 

Both poems are about the actions, responses and description of each person during an extreme event. One event is war and one is a terrorist attack. Both events are dangerous causing destruction and causing death. Belfast confetti is in first person and bayonet charge is in the third person.

Techniques: 

The use of the word ‘suddenly’ is used in both to put you straight in the action. It catches you out causing confusion and makes you desperate to read more. These emotions are felt by you as a reader just like the person in the poem is feeling. This is effective because your feelings are the same as the persons represented in the poem

Both poems also use alliteration in Bayonet Charge ‘cold clockwork’ and in Belfast Confetti ‘side streets’. This is done to make the poem flow, sounding the same and easier to be read. Looking at it wider the alliteration is used around the middle of the poem which represents the person is becoming in control and calmer being enforced by the way its read.

May 19, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

Poetry

Poems-Meanings:

Come on, come back- A women’s who has been effected by war and ends up killing herself

Hawk roosting- Smply a hawk rejoicing in its power and being the apex predator. The uncomplicated joy of being the top of the food chain and having nothing to challenge you.

Bayonet Charge- What it’s like to be literally in the middle of battle. Full of metaphor and chaos.

Mametz Wood- Simply a hawk rejoicing in its power and being the apex predator. The uncomplicated joy of being the top of the food chain and having nothing to challenge you.

Flag- His poem talks about patriotism and the pride people have for their country. Peoples actions because of their country due to ‘patriotism’. The poet realise then the soldier will die and the flag will always be there ‘its just a piece of cloth

The Yellow Palm- The poem is about living day to day life while a war goes on

The right word- The poem is about the fear of the unknown person associated with being a threat, they panic realising it is just a child however they are very aware of the current situations such as war and terrorism. The child invited in to eat. The judgement is made based on fear. Everyones just the same and its the people labelling people causing the problems sometimes.

Futility- The poem is about the desperation to make awareness of the pointlessness of war. It describes the trenches and lost of lives. He wants the war to end.

Falling leaves- The thoughts of war affecting women’s lives at home. The women can’t enjoy life because of the war. The falling leaves represent the large numbers of lives lost

Extract from out of the blue- The panic of a worker in the world trade centre as they are being attacked. How quickly things can change from good to bad

The charge of the light brigade- The pride of war deteriorating as the reality becomes present as many soldiers die

At the border- The poem is about how people have to flee from their country’s because of war and desperation to escape it. Describes how where they are going is better and peaceful

Poppies- The poem is about a women expressing her feelings on war, not a man, on the pain of losing their loved ones. Poppies symbolise grief and armistice shows even the war is nearly over the pain doesn’t stop

Next to of course god america i- The poem shows the pride towards America and then the mood changes to a negative attitude influenced by war

Belfast confetti- The poem is about an IRA bomb exploding and the terrible, confused atmosphere it caused

May 19, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

Courage is presented:

Touching the Void- Courage?

Throughout Joe’s journey he has a great deal of courage. Courage is needed in such environments to succeed. His courage is always maintained but presented in different ways especially after his injury.

‘If you succeed one dream, you come back to square one and its not long before you’re conjuring up another, slightly harder, a bit more ambitious- a bit more dangerous’.

When joe is injured his courage is driven from his inner voice. He represents the voice as a force telling him what to do and when to do it. The voice seems to control and have a great deal of power over Joe, ‘then the voice interrupted’. He is being interrupted from his own thought process to listening and following the voice. We could conclude that Joe has given into the voice, however he puts faith and relies on it. This is a representation of courage because he is scared and still has the bravery to trust the voice. Joe sets himself smaller aspiration which are achievable, ‘Reaching the glacier was my aim’. This allows him not to get frustrated and give up because his small objectives are being met filling him with hope. The aims tend to come from Joe and not the voice therefore he can feel content with himself. ‘An urgency was creeping over me, and the voice said “go on, keep going…. faster. You’ve wasted too much time. Go on, before you lose the tracks’. When joe begins to become urgent and emotionally unstable the voice is there to command him. When Joes thought process becomes weak the voice starts. The instructions are clear and strong which is harsh on Joe considering his injuries, but Joe carries on going.

May 19, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

What methods does Simpson use to create a sense of what is to come in the rest of the book

The writer uses foreshadowing to give us a sense of what is going to happen in the book. In the chapter he refers to problems which become present as the book continues. The chapters name ‘storm at the summit’ suggests to us that something bad is going to happen through the word ‘storm’. When they reach the summit we would expect it to be a happy moment being as it is their goal, but the writer leaves us guessing.

At the start of the chapter Joe says ‘we ascended into the dark’. He says it from a confident view, where it is not fear based. The writing surrounding this quote is very ordered, informative and calm. Joe is not panicking at this moment. The quote foreshadows the moment later on in the book where Joe falls into the dark crevasse. This is a brilliant technique because its builds up many possible outcomes but doesn’t give the book away. Joe doesn’t seem too bothered about about ascending into the dark, however when it happens later on in the book he becomes very scared and uncomfortable. Shortly after they both ascended into the dark he says ‘if not, we’re stuck’. This foreshadows Joes feelings of being stuck in the crevasse and dying alone later on in the book. Joe originally think it will be impossible for him to get out the crevasse. By these quotes being very close together we can conclude that they are related. Both of these quotes foreshadows Joe being stuck in the crevasse.

Joe mouth starts to bleed ‘your mouth is bleeding’. This happens shortly after they both have ascended into the dark and the association with being stuck is made aware. This foreshadows the injuries Joe sustains later on in the book. This quote could prompt us to concluding that Joe will have more injuries later on in the book. Joe immediately says after that it is his fault anyway, ‘my fault anyway’. This foreshadows his harsh judgement of himself which does keep him going.

‘Was committed to it now; no going back’. This quotes shows that now they have entered the mountain they can’t just leave. There is no way back. This builds up an atmosphere of being trapped. It also shows that they are both committed strongly to completing the climb. This foreshadows that Joe couldn’t just leave the mountains when his health becomes worst further on in the book.

When Joe reaches the summit he stats he felt an ‘unusual anticlimax’. ‘I didn’t like the thought of where it might be leading me’. This quote shows his fear towards wanting to do more, and having higher ambitions. I decided that his biggest fear is death on the mountain. Chances of death would increase as he does more ambitious adventures. This also means he wouldn’t stop until something significantly happens to him. This foreshadows that Joe faces nearly dying on the mountains and think he is going to die. He also stats that ‘nature of the game is controlling me’. This creates a sense that another force is controlling him. Later on in the book he is controlled by his inner voice once he has sustained his injuries to maintain courage and determination, and not give up. This quote foreshadows that particular voice.

Throughout the chapter his mood goes from being confident to being worried. This is similar to his whole experience. The chapter foreshadows the order of events in which things happen after Joe falls off the mountain. What I mean by this is the darkness is referred to first (the crevasse), going onto being stuck, then onto no way back and his commitment to his dream. This foreshadows him falling into the crevasse and being trapped in which he questions his future of surviving. Then the chapter goes onto Joe feeling uneasy about his future and another force controlling him and his body. This foreshadows Joe’s thoughts of trying to survive and what he stats is needed. This technique of foreshadowing is very effective because it hints what is going to happen without giving it away. It helps build up to a climax allowing many ideas to be transferred. The constant foreshadowing of what is going to happen later on in the book builds up anticipation and allows us to build strong emotions relating to joes experience.

Apr 27, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

Of Mice and Men

The American dream consists of having your own bit of land, family, children, money and mainly independence and freedom. Within American society this dream is associated widely throughout many centuries and is still present today. This dream is not achievable for the characters in the story however Lennie and George still have hope. Lennie and George claim they are different because of the relationship and bond they have together. ‘With us it ain’t like that. We have a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about us’. The quote is very direct implying they will succeed this dream, however throughout the story this doesn’t become apparent. There are many reasons why these broken dream do not become fulfilled which I will go into further detail about. In 1937, America was going through a major depression where money, jobs and enjoyment of life was scarce. Men wanting work had to travel for miles where they lived on ranches and wasn’t paid well. Steinbeck enforces this in the story where the character’s dream and aspirations are not met. John Steinbeck grew up within the era of the depression and expresses in his writing a second person view where he understand the problems with society and makes them noticed. Many of the characters hinder each other’s dreams from being met

In of mice and men the minor characters all face this problem. The problem is down to prejudice. Prejudice is when someone is judged and looked down upon based on an aspect of them often being unfair. For example Curley’s wife is prejudged as being weak and incapable being as she is a woman. She is also described to be a ‘tart’ by Candy. Curley’s wife has to act this way to receive any attention or love of anyone otherwise she is forgotten about by the sex obsessed men. The author keeps her name from us implying she isn’t worthy of her name and is titled as ‘Curley’s wife’ like a possession of his. This also shows that she hasn’t got a life and is trapped and pointless. Curley’s wife opens up about her dream to Lennie. ‘coulda been in the movies, an’ had nice clothes’ Curley’s wife states what she could have been and wanted to do however that was hindered due to the prejudging of the American sexist society and the lack of opportunities because of hard circumstances. Women were expected to stay at home providing food and completing housework while looking after the children. Women were also expected to follow their husbands command. Women were treated as minor in society where men saw them as sexual objects rather than normal human beings. ‘Curley says he’s keepin’ that hand soft for his wife’ Candy says to George. This quote shows the disrespectful sexual nature of Curley towards his wife implying he has free access to her at his demand. Curley’s wife is stuck with Curley because he has full control over her even if she isn’t happy. Curley’s wife isn’t a free, independent, respected woman like she wishes.

Crook’s is also another character who is treated unfairly and his dreams are not met. The problem is also down to prejudice. Racism is shown towards Crooks because of his skin colour. Crook’s is referred to as a ‘nigger’ or ‘negro stable buck’ where the characters treat him as if he is an animal. Crooks live on his own isolated from everyone else, ‘. His opinion isn’t valid within the ranch or society and he has no rights. The quote supported this is ‘if I say something, why it’s just a nigger sayin’ it’. When Steinbeck first describes Crooks he stats he has a ‘mauled copy of California Civil code’. This is a representation that he hasn’t got any rights and is treated with no respect through the choice of describing it as mauled. However the fact he owns one shows us he knows of the rights a white person would have. Crook possesses many items ranging from shoes, clock, shotgun and a collection of books etc. We can conclude from that Crooks suffers from being lonely, and has many possessions because he doesn’t have people around him. In a way they are like a comfort to him. Steinbeck builds him up to seem like an intelligent man through describing many books. ‘few dirty books on a special shelf’. The fact they are ‘dirty’ shows they have been used and on a ‘special’ shelf shows that they are important to him. Crooks lives of his own away from everyone else. Crooks also doesn’t want to suffer from being lonely anymore. ‘S’pose you didn’t have nobody. S’pose you couldn’t go into the bunk and play rummy cause you were black… a guy needs someone’ ‘Gets too lonely an’ he gets sick. This is a quote were Crooks really opens up his feelings and states his needs. From the quote we can see the expressive language used for example ‘lonely’ and ‘sick’ which are extremes of emotions. Also the language used to open the sentence ‘S’pose proposes a thought he wants to get across. From this I believe that Crooks dream is to be treated fairly and to be given equal opportunities like everyone else.

When we look at the language in each of the quote for example ‘coulda’ ‘S’pose’ ‘tha’ it shows that the characters all have the same accent because the words sound the same which Steinbeck enforces to show similarity and collectiveness that the characters have. This also suggests the fact they all face the same problem and come from the same place. This also gives us hope as a reader they the problem might be solved.

Steinbeck uses the same structure when describing Crooks and Curley’s wife dreams. He makes them talk about their pasts where they were happy and content in life and there dreams were being touched upon. For example Crooks ‘the white kids come to play at our place’. Curley’s wife ‘I met one of the actors. He says I could go with that show’. Steinbeck then will make the characters talk about how their dreams were not working out and express their anger and frustration with the current situation. This shows that the characters were both happier when they were children. Since the whole situation has reached a climax where people mistreat each other, and don’t meet each other needs the dreams become impossible to reach. Generally when the other characters are at working age they are seen as just workers by the few people above them. Their feelings are not considered however they will get on and work day by day together. They will not meet their dreams either but it doesn’t affect them as much. For Curley’s wife and Candy they are separated from everyone therefore they have to face life alone, so there dreams become more desperate as they feel extremes of emotions because they just want to be happy. These two characters suffer more from their dreams not being met because they cannot integrate and share the problem like the other characters.

In the novel George and Lennie share their dream of having their bit of land and embraces it with Candy and offers Crooks. At one point the men seem to get excited and plan out their ideas for the future. This is a short lived dream for Crooks being as he realizes reality quickly and rejects the dream. ‘You’re nuts’ ‘I seen hundreds of men come by on the road an’ on the ranches, with their bindles on their back an’ that same damn thing in their heads’. Crooks puts down the dream and shows how ridiculous he thinks it is. However Candy continues to believe along with George and Lennie added his saving into it as well, ‘tha’ three hundred an’ fifty bucks I’d put in’. The dream is in sight till the last moment in the book where George has to kill Lennie because everyone else would end up killing him. The dream could have continued, but George couldn’t let it because it was his and Lennies dream. The book ends by George and Slim going for a drink ‘me an’ you’ll go in an’ get a drink’ showing that things will just go back to normal and everyone’s dream will carry on unreached.

Thwarted dreams and aspirations are developed in a clear, significant way throughout Of Mice and Men. The novel starts with two men starting a new job with a clear direction of aspirations and their shared dream. While the story continues the characters share their dreams with Lennie mainly and come to terms with them failing and their disappointment. George and Lennie however are not losing hope and still believe their dream is in reach. Steinbeck sways his reading audience to believing that there dream will not happen through using the other characters example however we still have hope and want their dream to become true. Dreams are not reached because of many different reasons. Reasons such as sexist, racism, depressions, segregation between rich and poor, lack of money, lack of care for each other emotions, and inequality lead to dreams not being met. Money is also needed to invest into a dream which none of the characters had. Curley had money but he wasn’t happy either. Steinbeck kept his dream from us as an audience so we couldn’t conclude anything as we could for the other characters. The characters and society of the time seem to have a misconception of how happiness is achieved. The characters are trapped and are not free either from working, or the forms of prejudice above. Dreams are not met which results in characters not living happy lives.

Apr 10, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

Shakespeare

In many pieces of writing an emotion is expressed. This can differ depending on the writer’s aspirations and objectives for their reader. Emotions can come from the writer’s personal interpretation, opinions and feelings or the emotions he wants to create through his characters and the situations they face. I wanted to compare how similar and different emotions are expressed in two different genre of writing and understand how the writer uses language techniques to make his writing effective. The two pieces of writing I have been looking at is Titus Andronicus and WW1 poetry. Titus Andronicus is a play written by Shakespeare and the WW1 poetry consists of two different poems by different poets. The first poem being Does it matter? By Siegfried Sassoon and the second being Athem for doomed youth by Wilfred Owen. In this piece of writing I will be comparing Titus Andronicus and WW1 poetry. In order to do this I will look at the historical content and background information of each, the plot and events which happened, the emotions expressed through language devices, modern interpretation, conflicts still happening today and my own conclusion.

Titus Andronicus is a tragedy play script written by Shakespeare. It is lead to believe that it was written around 1590. The play was performed in the 17th century. The play is also considered to be Shakespeare first tragedy. A tragedy styled piece of writing is based on human suffering that invokes the audience’s enjoyment and strong emotions to be shown. We also have to remember that his work was fictional therefore the writer created the characters and emotions shown whereas the war poems were accounts from WW1 which was a real life event. However, Shakespeare used a realistic character base using groups of people for example the Romans and the Goths. Titus Andronicus is established as Shakespeare’s most violent play which is very significant considering it was his first playwright. My opinion consist of that Shakespeare was trying to make a big impact on his audience and shock them through the story and emotion. He would have wanted to do this to portray the message that he has more potential, to grow in public demand with the audiences best interests in mind. This would therefore increase his plays in popularity resulting in a large viewing audience. The Elizabethan London audiences loved to watch Shakespeare plays and wanted to see violence resulting in suffering and the breaking down of characters. I think death, violence, and suffering within London was very common 500 years ago which many could relate to and enjoy viewing. What I mean by this is that death was a punishment for committing a crime and was widely celebrated and published by the London community. This relates to the fact that people enjoyed to watch people suffer. The play is built around the sheer anger and revenge the character felt towards each other and the situations they faced.

The War Poems written by Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen were subjected around World War One. Both men were soldiers for the British Army and expressed their feelings on war through poetry. Being as both men fought in the war this gave there poetry a clear message of the reality of war. These poems did change the community at home perception on war. WW1 lasted for four years starting in 1914 and ending in 1918 where 9 million soldier lost their lives. The subject of war in Britain was widely celebrated on home soil in which people would party showing off the red, white and blue flag. Young men would rush to sign up to be soldiers and would be looked down on if they didn’t by the community. As the war went on more and more young men continued to die, and slowly the perception of war at home was changed. These poems and the writing sent home to family members of the families have a huge role to play within this change of opinion on war, but the war didn’t end which the soldiers were desperate for. The emotions present throughout the poems were sadness, pain, and grief which the soldiers faced.

In Titus Andronicus Act 3 Scene 1 and the War Poetry of Wilfred Owen Anthem for Doomed Youth there is a level of desperation and to make awareness. For example in Shakespeare, Titus is begging the Tribunes not to kill his sons, and in the Poetry the writer wants the war to end and for people to know the truth. Due to these being personal issues similarly surrounding round death strong emotions are present. An emotion of being despair and hopelessness is linked with both texts.

In both writings the way it sounds is used to show this emotion. The use of iambic pentameter is used to show this. For example from Titus Andronicus ‘Why, tis no matter man; if they hear’. The use of iambic pentameter allows the words to flow and creates a rhythm giving the line a matter of importance and passion. This is the first line of the extract showing us that Titus started off strongly. However, the emotion of despair is shown through the breakdown of the iambic pentameter where there is a line that doesn’t fit the rhythm and has a stressed syllable. An example of this would be ‘yet in some sort they are better than the tribunes’. This gives us the evidence to suggest that Titus is giving up and losing hope and becoming weaker. It is also significant that the stressed syllable is the word ‘tribunes’ enforcing that his problem lies with them and it is really bothering him. The last line also doesn’t fit the pentameter ‘and tribunes with their tongues doom men to death’ which leaves us as readers feeling the emotion of despair being as it didn’t end strongly and also in suspense to see whether the tribunes kill his sons.

Wilfred Owen also uses the Iambic pentameter in his poem. The emotion is shown in the same as Shakespeare through lines that doesn’t fit the pentameter. What is different about the poem is that the lines not fitting the pentameter are the first lines in the first two stanzas. For example stanza one ‘what passing-bells for these who die as cattle?’. I interpreted this as the poet started of weak to give the essence of suggesting where he starts being as it is such a big, disturbing topic. This line triggered this thought and I think it was his intention which also emphasised the emotion. Throughout the stanza the iambic pentameter picked up showing an increase in confidence, but then in stanza two the first line broke the pentameter ‘no mockeries now for them; no prayers nor bells’. I think this was done to show that the problem keeps coming back, people are made aware and no one does anything. The feeling of despair is present throughout the whole poem.

The second literary technique used is repetition. Repetition can be used to enforce an important point or could be used to build towards a climax. ‘then must my sea’ ‘then must my earth’ is a quote taken from Titus Andronicus Act 3 scene 2. The quote is from Titus’ soliloquy where he expresses the pain he us going through. The repetition of the first three words in line nine and ten is used to build up towards Titus breaking down which the audience wants to see. This is used also to show the switch in magnitude from Sea to Earth, expressing his pain is increasing. Keeping the words the same allows for the Sea and Earth so stand out getting the writers main point across. If we think about the sea and earth in relation to Titus we could conclude the sea is his tears due to the connection of water and the earth is his brain due to the connection between care and sustainability.

Repetition is also used in the war poem Does it Matter? The question ‘does it matter’ is repeated in both the opening line of stanzas one and two. The fact that the first lines match the title enforces that the poet is stressed about this question and wants to make it stand out to the reader. Due to it being repeated we could conclude the soldier needs reassurance in thinking they matter and people do care. The soldier is feeling neglected and unheard which is shown through the repeated question. The third stanza’s opening question is ‘do they matter?’ This shows a shift in emotion where the poet now asks do the people allowing war matter. We can conclude this is a breakdown in his extreme emotions.

A metaphor is a creative device which can be used to express different extremes of emotions. In ‘Anthem of doomed youth’ and ‘Titus’ not a direct metaphor has been used however there are metaphorical phrases. In Titus ‘a stone is soft as wax’ is said by Titus. By the word stones we know he is talking about the tribunes which he is unhappy with. We can’t say it is a direct metaphor because it doesn’t say one thing is another different thing. We can conclude that it is metaphorical because it is describing the subject in the same format and saying that an element of the subject is something it isn’t. In Titus Andronicus, Shakespeare uses metaphor to make his writing interesting and strong. Also metaphor allows easy comparisons to be made through the mentioning of two different subjects. Metaphorical phrases and metaphors can also allow the writer to personify objects which all help to build up an emotion. Using a metaphor makes the writing creative, adding a flavour and level of understanding that helps freedom to express different emotions. These elements allow the reader to understand easily the emotion being experienced by the character.

In the poem ‘Anthem of doomed youth’ a metaphorical phrase is used. ‘the shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells’. The quote means that the choirs have been forgotten and all you can hear is shells from war. The word demented displays that the choirs have been forgotten, however they have not gone. The quote shows a switch from a positive noise to a negative noise. We could relate this to the soldier losing hope and faith, but the fact that the choirs haven’t gone shows that things could change. This demonstrates a switch in emotion and for an easy comparison to be made. The use of a metaphorical phrase here is used to show a switch in emotion which is easily shown through using a metaphor. Showing the noises is changing from positive to negative supports the poet’s feelings. The poet is suffering from his emotions becoming worst resulting in his needs becoming desperate. Using a metaphorical phrase allows these emotions to be displayed and interpreted clearly and easily.

Writers use similar techniques to express their extremes of emotions in their pieces of work. Emotions have always been felt and expressed by people. This ranges from an external subject being their environment, situation etc which triggers an emotion or feeling. Both pieces of writing and many pieces of writing are expressing the same emotion of sadness and desperation, throughout different time periods. However the same techniques could equally be used to express emotions such as joy and happiness. The techniques are similar if not the same because they have always worked and been successful. The technique’s both of the writings consist of has managed to portray the extremes of emotions the character or writer has been facing which is the writer’s goal. The techniques also allow the writing to be rich and creative when used correctly which helps engage the reader. The techniques will allow the emotions to be expressed and understood. The techniques are almost like a writing frame and the selection of words outside of the techniques tells the story allowing each of the writings to be different with the same emotions. Being as emotions are always present the techniques used to express them are similar.

 

Feb 11, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

Creative Writing

Everybody loves chocolate except for me. Also everybody remembers the Cadbury’s Gorilla advert shown which I actually happen to remember. I detest Cadburys, but the advert was unforgettable. Amazing how I remember something that lasted 90 seconds, 7 years ago and not remember what I did 7 days ago. The advert immediately starts (as we all know) with a close up of the gorillas face, embracing the Phil Collins classic in the air tonight slowly breathing heavily. Our nation’s angry looking prized, glorified gorilla sits behind his drum kit and nods his head during the intro slowly, but then erupts when it reaches the main part of the song. Our friend is not embarrassed in fact very calm. He sits above the terrified drums which do not become present until the main part of the song when the shot zooms out. Everyone suspects what’s going to happen and joins in or wants to be part of it. Not wanting to become a gorilla of course or maybe so! If someone can sit through that advert and not laugh, sing, smash the table next to the sofa in time, or even nod your head you are considered weird. The fact there is a gorilla playing the drums is very unrealistic however we become brainwashed and gullible enough to believe it. Did you see the gorilla play the drums? There always been a strange phenomenon that gorilla’s will take over the world, for example in films like planet of the apes. Maybe this wouldn’t be so bad, considering they act very normal playing instruments which entertains us massively and are now very loved. Can the dairy milk bar get any more famous or does anyone even remember which was advertised. Phil Collins stated ‘he loves the advert’. This shocked me considering the gorilla is now funnier and famous than him. As a global audience we doubt animals and their talents being as we see them as a threat, but as shown they are just entertaining and hilarious.

Feb 1, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

of mice and men resit

The American dream consists of having your own bit of land, children, money and mainly independence and freedom. Within American society this dream is associated widely throughout many centuries and is still present today. This dream is not achievable for the characters in the story however Lennie and George still have hope. Lennie and George claim they are different because of the relationship and bond they have together. ‘With us it ain’t like that. We have a future. We got somebody to talk to that gives a damn about us’. The quote is very direct implying they will succeed this dream however throughout the story this doesn’t become apparent. There are many reasons why these broken dream do not become fulfilled which I will go into further detail about. In 1937, America was going through a major depression where money, jobs and enjoyment of life was scarce. Men wanting work had to travel for miles where they lived on ranches and wasn’t paid well like George and Lennie. Steinbeck enforces this in the story where the characters dream and aspirations are not met. John Steinbeck grew up within the era of the depression and expresses in his writing a second person view where he understand the problems with society and makes them noticed.

In of mice and men the minor characters all face this problem. The problem is also down to prejudice. Prejudice is when someone is judged and look down upon based on an aspect of them often being unfair. For example Curley’s wife is prejudged as being weak and incapable being as she is a women. The author keeps her name from us implying she isn’t perceived with her name and is titled as Curley’s wife like a possession of his. Curley’s wife opens up about her dream to Lennie. ‘coulda been in the movies, an’ had nice clothes’ Curley’s wife states what she could have been and wanted to do however that was hindered due to the prejudging of the American sexist society. When we look at the language in the quote for example ‘coulda’ it shows that the characters all have the same accent which Steinbeck enforces to show similarity and collectiveness that the characters have. This suggest the fact they all face the same problem.

Jan 30, 2014 - Communication    No Comments

Paragraph Practise

‘You’re nuts’ ‘I seen hunderds of men come by on the road an’ on the ranches, with their bindles on their back an’ that same damn thing in their heads’. – Rejects the dream and says how ridiculous it is.

This quote shows the understanding that dreams don’t come true for men on the ranch. Also because Crooks stated it, it’s shows us the lake of courage and interest Crooks shows towards dreams and happiness. Crooks shuts off to the idea of achieving a dream due to the prejudice against him because of his skin colour. The words also in the quote being ‘hunderds’ ‘an” shows the localised against which Steinbeck uses for all his characters to portray the messages that they are all similar. Crooks shouting you’re nuts to Lennies also shows his aggression and angry towards the want to achieve dreams and aspirations.

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